General Information

A New Possibility for Detecting Lyme Disease

lyme diseaseEvery year, the Centers for Disease Control records more than 30,000 cases of Lyme disease, a bacterial infection that is found throughout the U.S. and is carried mainly by deer ticks. The disease can be hard to diagnose, however, because many of the symptoms are sometimes found in other illnesses (such as mononucleosis, fibromyalgia, meningitis, etc.).

Many people who were diagnosed in the past still suffer from post-treatment Lyme disease, which means even though they were given antibiotics, they still experience symptoms like fatigue and muscle aches. Current tests can’t determine whether the disease has been eliminated from people who have been treated, so there is no sure way to tell whether the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi (responsible for the Lyme) is still in their system.

According to Fox News, however, there may be a new way to identify this. In a recent study published in the Clinical Infectious Diseases journal, 25 people who were previously diagnosed with Lyme disease and treated with antibiotics were collected. Ten of them had post-treatment Lyme disease, while the other 15 didn’t.

“While most patients improve after taking antibiotics, some patients continue to have symptoms,” the researchers said. “One possibility is that the antibiotics have not successfully gotten rid of all of the bacteria.”

All 25 people were then exposed to disease-free ticks, which were allowed to feed on their skin. The goal was to find out if, through sucking blood, the ticks could pick up Lyme bacterium in their systems. Of the 23 acceptable participants, 19 tested negative for Borrelia burgdorferi while two tested positive (the last two were indeterminate).

More studies will be conducted to see if those who tested positive did so because they have live organisms in their bodies or just remnants of the infection. If researchers can find a tie between positive tick testing and the Lyme bacteria, there may be a new way to detect the disease.

More About Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is prominent in the Northeast, the Midwest, and along the West coast of the U.S. The deer ticks that carry the disease are very small and can be found in wooded and grassy areas. If you are bitten by a tick, remove the entire tick from your skin immediately. If you remove it within 24 hours, there is little risk of Lyme, but just to be sure, look for a rash that occurs in about 75% of Lyme disease cases. This rash is usually where the tick was located and will be red in color and round or triangular in shape. If you discover a rash, see a doctor immediately, as symptoms become worse in the later stages of the infection.

Why Are Deer Sterilized?

deer sterilizationHave you ever heard of a city or county sterilizing the deer in their area? If so, have you ever wondered why? Like hunting, sterilization serves as a form of population control; the most common areas to use it are areas with large human populations and not much hunting land.

The most recent city to initiate deer sterilization is Fairfax City, Virginia. With so many homes in the area, hunting isn’t the best option for deer control, so the city has turned to sterilization. According to an article from The Washington Post, deer populations are reducing by 10% every year (without hunting) in towns that use sterilization. In many of these towns, taxpayers pay for the procedures, but in this case, a group of private donors have funded a two-year grant to Fairfax City.

 

Females vs. Males

When a community decides to use sterilization for this control, it’s usually the female deer (or does) that are sterilized. Choosing females is more effective because they are the ones that give birth. If a male is sterilized, it keeps him from impregnating a female – but that female could always be impregnated by another (normal) male. If she is sterilized, however, it doesn’t matter which male she’s with – she won’t become pregnant.

How the Process Works

The process used to sterilize deer is pretty simple and begins with tranquilizers: A doe is shot with a tranquilizer dart that has a tracking devices attached to it. Once the deer is down, she is taken to either police headquarters or a local animal hospital where a short procedure is performed to remove her ovaries. The recovery time is short as well as the pain following the procedure, however, the process can be expensive (around $1,000 per deer).

Sterilization is often seen as more effective than culling; it can be done after culling has taken place and the sterilized deer can “contribute to resource limitation and density-dependence in reproduction” (according to an article by J.L Boone and R. G. Wiegart).

What are your thoughts on deer sterilization?

How Rare Are Albino Deer?

albino deerAt our deer fencing company, we’ve seen many different kinds of deer, from white tail to mule to elk, but we’ve never seen an albino deer – and we bet you haven’t either.

Albino deer are deer that don’t have the gene that colors their skin and hair, so they appear white. Also, because the irises of their eyes don’t have any color, you can see the blood vessels behind their eye and their eyes appear pink. Not all white deer are albino – there are some white deer with brown noses or colored eyes. In order to be considered truly albino, the deer needs to have no pigment whatsoever.

The Recessive Albino Gene

When it comes to genes, there are some that are dominant (B) and some that are recessive (b). Dominant genes trump recessive genes, which is why you see so many people with brown eyes – the brown eye gene is dominant (B) while the blue eye gene is recessive (b). Each person or animal has two copies of a certain gene, which means they can have one dominant and one recessive (Bb), two dominant (BB), or two recessive (bb). Their offspring depends on the other genes that they mate with.

For example: In two parents, if both have one dominant gene and one recessive gene (Bb),  there’s still only a one in four chance the offspring will have two recessive genes (bb). The other three will all have dominant genes, whether it’s BB or Bb. This means that even if a deer has an albino parent (bb) but has a parent with two dominant genes (BB), the deer will be dominant and appear brown. If both a deer’s parents are brown, but have the recessive albino gene (Bb), there’s only a 25% chance the deer will be white. The only sure way to produce an albino deer is if both parents have the recessive gene.

This shows you that being an albino deer is pretty rare.

Numbers

These deer may also be rare because of a combination of being easy prey (because of their color) and poor eyesight. There are several reports about the chances of a deer being albino. One says 1 in every 20,000, another says 1 in every 30,000, and yet another says 1 in every 100,000 deer is truly an albino deer. Because they are so rare, many states have made it illegal to hunt them.

How to Install Your Deer Fence

deer fence2If you’ve never installed a deer fence before, we know it may seem a little intimidating. However, it’s actually pretty easy. Just follow the steps we’ve written out from our deer fence installation video:

Installing Your End System

1. Using a post hole digger, dig a hole that’s about 3 feet deep.

2. Place your end post in the hole and make sure that it’s straight.

3. Fill in the hole with either dirt or quick-drying concrete (if the fence is a permanent fixture).

4. If you’re using a 7 1/2-foot or 8-foot fence, install your post extensions.

5. Measure and mark 12 inches from the top of the end post, then place the brace band at that mark.

6. Place the brace cup in the band and position it so that the brace post will be just inside the fence line and secure the cup. (If you’re installing a corner system, you’ll need two brace cups.)

7. Place your next post in the brace cup at a 45-degree angle and dig a hole (about a foot deep) where the end of the post meets the ground.

8. Cement the post in place or use a dead man and fill the hole back up with dirt.
(If you’re installing a corner system, repeat steps 5-8.)

9. Repeat this process for the other end of your deer fence.

Installing Your Tensioning System

1. Feed the end of your monofilament wire through one side of your connection sleeve, then loop the wire around the post and loop it through the other end of the sleeve.

2. Push the sleeve as close to the bottom of the post and as close to the post as possible, then crimp.

3. To make the wire more secure, criss-cross self-locking ties around the wire and trim.

4. Roll the wire to the other end of your fence, pull it as taut as possible, and repeat steps 1-3.

Installing Your Posts

1. Measure the length of your deer fence and divide it by the number of posts you have to figure out where to place each post.

2. To install angled steel posts: Place the post where you want it and then slip the spring-loaded post driver over the top of the post. Grasp the handles and use powerful vertical movements to push the post into the ground.

2. To install heavy duty posts: Place your post sleeve where you want your post and drive the sleeve into the ground using a drive cap and hammer. Then, place your post in the sleeve.

Installing Your Fencing

1. Have one person unroll a portion of the fence while the other person secures it with self-locking ties every 5-6 inches on the post. (Keep the fencing rolled up and unroll as you go along to keep it as tight as possible.)

2. Repeat step 1 until you reach the full length of your deer fence.

3. Once the fence is complete, attach the top of it to your monofilament wire using hog rings and the hog ringer tool to keep the fence from sagging.

4. Secure the fence to the ground with ground stakes. Place them every 5 feet along the fence line.

5. Attach warning banners about every 5 feet and half-way up your fence to warn the deer that the fence is there.

 

If you have any questions, don’t hesitate to call our deer fence experts. We’d be happy to help!

15 Safety Tips for Hunters

hunting safetyIf you’re planning on hunting this season, our deer fence company would like to remind you that it’s very important to take the right safety measures. Every year, dozens of hunting accidents are reported and many people end up accidentally hurt. For example: Recently in two separate incidents, a group of friends went hunting together and one man in each group was fatally shot by a friend who mistook him for a deer. Follow these safety tips the next time you’re out hunting:

1. Assume all guns are loaded. Even if the gun you pick up isn’t yours, it’s much safer to assume it’s loaded than not loaded.

2. Use a fall restraint or harness when using a tree stand. Falling out of a tree stand can be very dangerous – even paralyzing if you fall the wrong way. Take precautions to stay safe.

3. Pay attention to what’s beyond your target. You may be so focused on aiming at a deer that you don’t see a person behind the deer.

4. Avoid drinking and drugs. Both can alter your clear thinking and cause bad decisions.

5. Always store and transport your weapons separate from their ammunition.

6. Wear a blaze orange cap or vest. This makes you visible to other hunters.

7. Don’t hunt alone. If something should happen to you and you’re in the middle of the woods by yourself, it may be a long time until you can get help.

8. Have the proper hunting license(s). If you hunt illegally, you could face some serious fines.

9. Wear eye and ear protection when shooting a gun.

10. If hunting from a boat, make sure you have a flotation device at all times.

11. Always point the muzzle of your gun in a safe direction. Even if it’s unloaded, you’re better safe than sorry.

12. Keep your finger off of the trigger until you’re ready to shoot. This will prevent any accidental shots.

13. Before every hunting session, make sure your equipment works properly.

14. If you use a tree stand, don’t climb up it with your weapon in hand. Instead, use a rope to raise and lower them from the stand to the ground.

15. Don’t hunt on land without the property owner’s consent.

How to Use a Hog Ring Tool

hog ringerSecuring the tension wire of your deer fence with hog rings can be a tedious job, but a hog ring tool can make it a lot easier and a lot less time-consuming. Here’s how to use the tool:

When you attach hog rings to your fence, you want them to be strong enough to secure your fence to its wire and last for years. With a hog ring tool, you can bend each galvanized steel ring around the fence and the wire to easily connect the two. Our hog ring tools from DeerBusters are compatible with 9/16-inch hog rings and work like pliers to bend the ring around the fence. If you’re doing a small installation or a home fence, the Hog-Ringer tool works well. If you’re doing a larger or commercial installation, however, we recommend the Ring-It tool.

Both let you load a strip of hog rings into a rail on the tool and then squeeze the handle to feed a ring into the teeth of the tool. You can then place the teeth around the deer fence and tension wire and squeeze down. When you squeeze down the hog ring will close around the fence into a tight ring. You can do this with pliers, however, we don’t recommend you trying to use pliers with our 9/16-inch hog rings. These rings are very small with pointed ends and if handled improperly, they could hurt you.

ring-itHog Ring Tips

Hog rings should be used every three feet on your deer fence. They can be used to secure your fence to our monofilament wire and can be used to attach our small animal control fencing bottom to the bottom of your deer fence. With all of our hog rings, we recommend a hog ring tool to make the job easier and faster. You also won’t have to worry about over-crimping your rings, as the hog ring tools stop crimping them right after they overlap and close.

Visit our website for more information on deer fences, small animal fences, and accessories.

Deer Hunting Seasons & Regulations In MD, PA, DE

deerOur deer fence company knows that for those who hunt, it’s important to follow the deer hunting regulations in your state. In order to hunt, you need specific kinds of licenses and you can only hunt certain deer during certain times of the month. Take a look at these quick deer hunting guidelines for Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware:

Maryland

Hunting Hours: One half hour before sunrise until one half hour before sunset.

Firearm Hunters: To hunt a deer with a firearm, you must have a regular hunting license, a junior hunting license, senior hunting license, or non-resident hunting license.

Archery/Muzzleloader Hunters: In addition to a hunting license, archery hunters must purchase an Archery Stamp and muzzleloader hunters must purchase a Muzzleloader Stamp.

Bag Limits: Antlered: 1; Antlerless: varies by region

Firearm Season: 

Antlered: 11/30 through 12/14 & 1/10 through 1/11

Antlerless: 11/30 or 12/13 (depending on area) through 12/14h & 1/10 through 1/12

Muzzleloader Season:

Antlered: 10/17 through 10/19 & 12/21 through 1/4

Antlerless: 10/17 through 10/19 or 10/26 (depending on area) & 12/21 or 1/2 through 1/4

Archery Season: 

Antlered: 9/6 through 10/16 & 10/20 through 11/29 & 12/16 through 12/20 & 1/6 through 1/31

Antlerless: 9/6 through 10/16 & 10/20 through 11/29 & 12/16 through 12/20 & 1/6 through 1/31

 

Pennsylvania

Hunting Hours: One half hour before sunrise until sunset.

Firearm Hunters: To hunt a deer with a firearm, you must have an adult hunting license, a junior hunting license, a senior hunting license, or a non-resident hunting license.

Archery/Muzzleloader Hunters: In addition to a hunting license, archery hunters must have an archery license and muzzleloader hunters must have a muzzleloader license.

Bag Limits: Antlered: 1; Antlerless: 1 per permit

Firearm Season:

Antlered: 11/13 through 12/3 & 12/4 through 12/11

Antlerless: 10/21 through 10/23 & 12/4 through 12/11

Archery Season: 

Antlered: 10/2 through 11/13 & 12/27 through 1/15

Antlerless: 9/18 through 10/1 & 11/15 through 11/27 & 10/2 through 11/13 & 12/27 through 1/15

 

Delaware

Hunting Hours: One half hour before sunrise until one half hour before sunset.

Firearm/Archery/Muzzleloader Hunters: To hunt a deer, you must have a regular hunting license, a junior hunting license, senior hunting license, or non-resident hunting license.

Bag Limits: 4 (either antlered or antlerless)

Firearm Season: 

Antlered: 11/15 through 11/23 & 1/4 through 1/11 & 1/18 through 1/25

Antlerless: 10/4 through 10/5 & 10/21 through 10/26 & 12/14 through 12/21

Muzzleloader Season: 

Antlered: 10/11 through 10/19 & 1/27 through 2/1

Antlerless: 10/4 through 10/5 & 10/21 through 10/26 & 12/14 through 12/21

Archery Season: 

Antlered: 9/2 through 1/31

Antlerless: 10/4 through 10/5 & 10/21 through 10/26 & 12/14 through 12/21

Top U.S. States for Deer Collisions

deer collisionsA deer collision can occur in any state, but there are some states that have larger deer populations and therefore, a higher risk of deer collisions. States in the northeast and states in the mid-west are usually seen as the most at-risk states and this year, the number of overall collisions in the U.S. is up 7.7 percent from last year.

To narrow the top five down, State Farm used insurance claims information and licensed drivers counts from the Federal Highway Administration to calculate your risks:

#5 Pennsylvania

If you live in Pennsylvania, your chances of colliding with a deer are 1 in 76 within the next 12 months (down from last year).

#4 Michigan

Michiganders have a 1 in 72 chance of hitting a deer within the next 12 months (up from last year).

#3 Iowa

In the next 12 months, 1 in 71 people are estimated to experience a deer collision in Iowa (down from last year).

#2 South Dakota

If you live in South Dakota, be aware that your chance of colliding with a deer in the next 12 months is 1 in 68 (up from last year).

#1 West Virginia

Topping the list for six years in a row, West Virginians’ chances of a deer collision are actually much higher than any other state: 1 in 40.

According to data, November is the month that most deer collisions occur. In fact, State Farm says a collision is “three times more likely to occur on a day in November than on any other day between February 1st and August 31st.” The company also estimates that 1.23 million collisions were caused by deer (both directly and indirectly) between 2011 and 2012.

With that said, our deer fencing company wants to remind you to drive safe this deer season. For some great tips on what to look for, read our 10 Tips to Avoid a Deer Collision blog.

10 Tips to Avoid a Deer Collision

deer crossingIt’s deer season and as a deer fence company, we know that deer can be damaging to your yard and garden – but they can also be damaging to your car. No matter where you’re drive to, stay alert and follow these tips to avoid a deer collision:

Watch for deer crossing signs.

This may seem like common sense, but many people don’t pay enough attention to road signs when they drive. Deer crossing signs are put in areas of high deer traffic, so when you see one, slow down and stay alert.

“If there’s one, there are probably more.”

If you see a deer in or around the road, slow down and at a slower speed for another quarter mile or so. When there’s one deer, there are usually more around – even if you can’t see them.

Don’t speed.

Speeding is not only against the law, but it works against you if you have to stop suddenly for a deer. Hitting a deer at a higher speed can also cause more damage to your car and increase your risk of injury.

Update your brakes.

Having quality brakes can be the difference between hitting a deer and stopping quickly enough to avoid it. If your brake pads are worn, change them out. The same goes for your car’s rotors. You’ll be thankful the next time you see a deer and have to stop short.

Know when to swerve.

Many times, a driver’s instinct is to swerve when he/she sees a deer. However, if swerving means putting yourself in the path of oncoming traffic or into the woods, it’s not such a good idea. If there are cars in the other lane and the only option you have is to swerve or hit the deer, hit the deer. You’ll do far less damage to your car than if you hit someone else.

Honk and blink.

If you see a deer and there are no other cars around, attempt to scare the deer away by honking in bursts. Also, deer seem to go into a trance while looking at headlights, so blink your high beams to startle them.

Pay attention at sunrise and sunset.

Deer migrate the most around sunrise and sunset, when it’s cooler. Since our eyes have trouble fully adjusting to the lighting at these times, it’s important to be wary of your surroundings and on the lookout for moving deer.

Wear your seat belt.

This may seem like another common-sense tip, but many drivers are injured when an accident occurs and they aren’t wearing their seat belts. If you hit a deer, your seat belt may help you avoid getting hurt.

Look for movement.

Deer are often found in brush, tall grasses, and fields – and are usually camouflaged well – so look for movement a few feet above the ground in these areas.

Expect the unexpected.

Even if you see a deer on the side of the road, there’s no certainty that it will stay there. Deer are unpredictable, so be cautious and don’t assume their movements.

*Remember – if you do hit a deer, pull off to the side of the road, put on your flashers, and call 911 immediately.

Poly Deer Fences vs. Steel Deer Fences

deer fence

 

At DeerBusters, we carry an array of deer fence made from various materials. Our two most popular include poly (short for polypropylene) and steel. Both are excellent at keeping deer out of your yard and/or garden, but how do they differ? And which one is right for you?

Poly Deer Fences

Our poly deer fences are made from a very strong thermoplastic polymer called polypropylene that’s flexible, but sturdy. This type of fence is designed to be a lightweight netting that is virtually invisible, so you won’t have to worry about obstructing a beautiful view.

Because it’s flexible, a poly deer fence is easy to install on any property and it’s UV stabilized to withstand elements like the sun, rain, snow, frost, and wind; it will last you up to 20 years in the field. Our poly deer fences come in a black 2″ x 2″ mesh size with breaking strengths from 600 lbs./sq. ft. to 850 lbs./sq. ft.

Steel Deer Fences

Our steel deer fences are what you think of when you think of “fence.” They’re made from black 20-gauge galvanized steel that is designed to withstand outdoor elements and provide protection from even the largest deer. The web pattern on each fence is chew-proof and PVC coated to protect from wear and tear. Steel deer fences last longer than poly fences – up to 30 years.

Our steel deer fences are compatible with heavy duty round posts and angle posts. They can also be fashioned into gates to use as access points within your fence or to install in your driveway.

Deer Fence Kits

At DeerBusters, we offer poly deer fence kits in 6-foot, 7.5-foot, and 8-foot heights that come with everything you need to install your own fence in your yard. We also offer steel deer fence kits in 6-foot (considered a garden kit) and 7.5-foot. If rodents or small animals are your problem you may want to take a look at our 1.5-foot, 2.5-foot, and 3.5-foot rodent control fence kits. Click here for more information.